[:ro]Coreea turistica[:en]Korean Tourism[:]


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Coreea cu frumusetea ei pitoreasca si mostenirea culturala si istorica unica, are multe de oferit turistilor. Tara peninsulara cu patru anotimpuri distincte, ea se mandreste cu frumoasele ei plaje, munti si rauri. Exista o multime de vechi temple budiste, palate regale, statui, pagode, obiecte de interes arheologic, fortarete, sate cu traditii populare si muzee.

In ultimele doua decenii, industria turismului s-a dezvoltat foarte rapid. Numarul turistilor straini a crescut de la 84216 in 1967 la 2340462 in 1988. Acest salt este o consecinta fireasca a cresterii excelente a tarii

Langa Seul, in SUWON este un muzeu “in viata”. Satul folcloric este un sat traditional, amplasat la 30 de minute la sud de Seul. Acesta reconstituie stravechea viata folclorica coreeana. Satul a fost construit in anul 1973 si acum cuprinde unicate coreene ale unor vremi apuse. Se pot identifica aici case tipice diferitelor provincii. In piata satului se pot vedea cu regularitate dansatori pe sarma, nunti si inmormantari, concursuri de inaltare a zmeelor, grupuri de dansuri populare. Fierarul, dulgherul, olarul si artizanul de instrumente muzicale pot fi vazuti la treaba in atelierele lor.

INSULA KANGHWADO este situata in estuarul raului Han, la nord de portul Inch’on, este a cincea insula a Coreei ca marime, bogata in frumuseti istorice si naturale. Monumentele istorice mai importante sunt : un altar presupus a fi fost inaltat de Tangun, intemeietorul legendar al natiunii, fortarete, ziduri, un cuptor din perioada Koryo, secolul al XIII-lea, pentru arderea renumitelor vase de ceramica de culoarea verde pal si templul Chondungsa. Se ajunge aici cu masina, de la Seul, intr-o ora si jumatate.

KYONGJU este vechea capitala, in care regii si reginele Shillei au detinut suprematia timp de o mie de ani. Acest oras este pentru Coreea ceea ce este Atena pentru Grecia. Aici vezi la tot pasul morminte regale, pagode din piatra batuta de vreme, temple budiste si ruine ale unor cetati. Movilele de pe mormintele regale au dezvaluit nenumarate obiecte pretioase, incluzand coroane fastuoase si alte accesorii. Documentele istorice vechi arata ca orasul, construit dupa modelul capitalei T’ang, cu siruri de bulevarde si strazi intretaiate in unghiuri drepte, avea un million de locuitori si toate casele din incinta orasului erau acoperite cu tigla. Cele doua comori de seama ale orasului sunt Templul Pulguska si templul din pestera Sokkuram, din apropiere, ambele inaltate in secolul al VIII-lea, marturii ale artei budiste, deosebite de rafinata si apreciata in tot Orientul Indepartat. Muzeul National Kyongju gazduieste comori antice recuperate din Kyongju si din apropierea lui.

Statiunea Lacul Pomun, aflata la 6 kilometri inspre marginea estica a orasului, este un complex turistic nou construit, cu cateva hoteluri de categoria I si localuri diverse.

CHEJUDO este singura provincie insulara a Coreei, se afla la o ora de Seul cu avionul, dar calatorul ajunge intr-un tinut cu clima si natura diferite. Aici predomina clima semitropicala si peisajul este cu totul deosebit.

Principalul munte, Hallasan, are o inaltime de 1950 m, vulcanul stins cu un crater mare in varf. Suvoaiele de lava ale acestui vulcan, care a erupt ultima oara in 1007 au dat nastere la numeroase tuneluri, coloane si alte figuri neobisnuite de bazalt in racire rapida. Insula este un obiect turistic interesant si punctul de destinatie al lunilor de miere.


Atractii turistice 

  • Capitala Seoul – palatul Changdeokung si gradinile secrete Biwon, Altarul Jongmyo cu tabletele ancestrale ale dinastiei Joseon, Muzeul National al Coreei. Turnul Seoul masoara 238m, in varful muntelui Namsan. Memorialul si Muzeul Razboiului, Parcul Olimpic sau Parcul Cupa Mondiala.
  • Zidurile orasului Suwon si fortareata Hwaseong.
  • Drumetii, temple si fortarete, in muntii din Parcul National Bukhansan.
  • Calatorie cu trenul de mare viteza KTX, lansat in 2004 si care merge cu 300km/h.
  • Muzeul fara ziduri Gyeongiu, de langa Busan. Capitala a regatului Silla vreme de 1000 de ani, locul este plin de istorie si cultura budista
  • Templul Bulguksa. Acest templu mare din lemn este pictat foarte frumos. Un drum  serpuitor de munte duce de la templu spre Grota Seokguram, cu statuia lui Buddha din granit.
  • Parcul National Muntele Gayasan, cu templul Haeinsa in mijloc. Acesta adaposteste un triptic coreean – 80.000 de gravuri in lemn, ce descriu scripturile budiste complete. Terminat in 1252, dupa 16 ani de munca, tripticul s-a pastrat in conditii perfecte.
  • Parcul National Maritim Hallyeo – o croaziera in arhipelagul compus din 400 de insule.
  • Parcurile nationale Seoraksan, Odaesan si Chuwangsan, accesibile dinspre autostrada de pe coasta de est.

[:en]Touristic Korea

Korea, with its quaint beauty and unique cultural heritage has a lot to offer in regard to touristic attractions. Being a peninsular country with a four seasons climate, it holds pride in its beautiful beaches, rivers and mountains. There is a lavish number of temples, royal palaces, statues, pagodas, objects of archeological value, fortresses, traditional villages, and museums.

In the last two decades Korean tourism has seen a surprising boom. The number of tourists grew from 84216 in 1967 to 2340462 in 1988. This is a natural consequence of the rapid development the country.

Next to Seoul, in SUWON there is a “live” museum. The folk village is a traditional place, thirty minutes away from the capital, which reconstructs the old lifestyle. It was built in 1973 and preserved so that to this day it displays unique features of traditional life in Korea. There can also be seen houses specific to various provinces. In the village market, there can constantly be observed traditional rope dances, weddings and funerals, kite-flying competitions, and traditional dance groups. The blacksmith, carpenter, potter, and musical instrument artisans can be observed in their working habitat.

KANGHWADO ISLAND is situated is Han River’s estuary, North of port Inch’on. It is Korea’s fifth island size-wise, rich in natural and historical beauties. Some of the representative historical monuments are: an altar which was supposedly built by Tangun, the nation’s legendary founder, fortresses, walls, and an oven from the Koryo dynasty, precisely the XIII century, which was used to cake the famous green ceramic art of the time. By car, it is one and a half hours away from Seoul.

KYONGJU is the old capital, where the rulers of the Silla dynasty have dwelled for a period of one millennium. This city is for Korea what Athens is for Greece. It is filled with ancient royal tombs, stone pagodas on which time has put its signature, Buddhist temples, and a number of citadel ruins. In the ancient tombs many valuable findings were made, such as fancy crowns and other accessories. Historical records show that the city was built after T’ang dynasty’s capital, with boulevards and roads in right angles, and it was home to one million people. The houses’ roofs were all covered with tiles. The two most prestigious treasures of the city are the Pulguksa Temple and the temple from the Sokkuram cave close by. They were both built in the VIII century and stand as examples of Buddhist art, immensely refined and appreciated thorough the whole Far East. Kyongju National Museum holds antique treasures gathered both from the city and its surroundings.

Lake Pomun Resort, situated six kilometers from the East border of the city, is a newly constructed tourist complex, with a few first category hotels and various leisure establishments.

CHEJUDO is Korea’s only island, situated an hour away from Seoul by plane. By visiting this location, tourists can expect to feel in a whole another part of the earth, as its scenery and climate are fairly different from the ones one gets used to while on the peninsula. Here, the subtropical climate and breathtaking scenery dominates.

The main mountain, Hallasan, a former volcano, is measured at 1950 meters in height. The lava that last erupted in 1007 has created several tunnels, strings, and other unusual basalt formations by fast cooling. The island is an interesting tourist attraction and the destination of many honeymoons.

 

Tourist Attractions

  • Seoul City – Changdeokung Palace and Biwon Secret Gardens, Jongmyo Altar with Joseon Dynasty’s ancestral tablets, National  Museum of Korea. Seoul Tower is 238 meters tall, at the top of Namsan Mountain. The War Memorial Museum, Olympic Park or World Cup Park.
  • Suwon city’s walls and Hwaseong fortress.
  • Backpacking, temples, and fortresses through the mountains of Bukhansan National Park.
  • A ride on the KTX high-speed train, which was invested in 2004 and can travel with 300km/h.
  • Gyeongju Museum without walls, situated close to Busan. As Silla Dunasty’s capital for a millennium, the location is filled with Buddhist culture and history.
  • Bulguksa Temple. This large wooden temple is beautifully painted. A tortuous mountain path leads the way from the temple towards the Seokguram Cave, where one can see a statue of Buddha made from granite.
  • Gayasan Mountain National Park, with Haeinsa Temple located inside it. This is home to a Korean triptych – 80.000 woodblocks which describe the complete Buddhist scriptures. Finished in 1252 after sixteen years of hard work, the triptych is perfectly preserved.
  • Hallyeo National Marine Park – a cruise in the archipelago comprised of 400 islands.
  • Seoraksan, Odaesan, and Chuwangsan National Parks, which can be accessed from the highway on the East Coast.

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